Periodontal disease is the technical term used to describe gum disease. This is the progressive inflammation and infection of gum tissues that afflicts millions of Americans each year. It most commonly forms when plaque and residual food particles harden into tartar at the gumline.
This introduces constant bacterial exposure to your gum tissues. Increased risk factors, like regular tobacco use and certain medical conditions, can make you more prone to develop gum disease earlier and faster.
The earliest stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Initial symptoms include red or inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing. It also includes chronic bad breath. This level of infection can often be remedied by a thorough cleaning procedure. You can then prevent future infections with consistent improvements in your daily oral hygiene routine.
Without timely and effective treatment, gingivitis will inevitably develop into the more advanced form of gum disease known as periodontitis. This level of infection in the gum tissue can cause your gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This enables pockets of infection to form deep within the gum tissues. In time, it can even result in the loss of bone structure where your teeth anchor to your jaw.
The systemic inflammation resulting from chronic periodontitis can also tax your immune system. Continuing research has found that this can be related to other medical conditions, including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. While gum disease cannot not cause these conditions, it does have a relationship with them, which can limit your treatment options.
If you are concerned about your oral health, or if you suspect you are experiencing gum disease symptoms in Lone Tree, Colorado, you should call Dr. Angela Osborn at 303-799-9993 to seek timely treatment.